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Mammals, Reptiles and Birds in Nepal

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Mammals, Reptiles, and Birds in Nepal

Mammals, Reptiles and Birds in Nepal

Write a short note on Mammals found in Nepal.

There are 208 mammal species reported including 28 species outside the limits of the protected areas but excluding four known extinct species.  Among the several species of mammal found in Nepal, notable are the Bengal fox, Bengal tiger, clouded leopard, corsac fox, One-horned rhinoceros, Asiatic elephant, marbled cat, red panda, snow leopard, Tibetan fox, and Tibetan wolf. Some of these, including the internationally recognized snow leopard, are endangered and at risk of extinction.

Write a short note on reptiles found in Nepal.

There are several different types of reptile native to the country, ranging from pit vipers to monitor lizards. Some of the more prominent examples include the Bengal monitor, Gloydius himalayanus (a pit viper), the elongated tortoise (Indotestudo elongata), Trimeresurus albolabris septentrionalis, and the yellow monitor. Although the above are found elsewhere in Southeast Asia, there are quite a few reptile species unique to the country, including Sitana fusca and Cyrtodactylus nepalensis.  Sitana sivalensisJapalura tricarinata, the Annapurna ground skink (Scincella capitanea), the lidless skink (Asymblepharus nepalensis), geckos (Cyrtodactylus martinstolli), Shah’s bamboo pit viper (Trimeresurus karanshahi) and the Tibetan pit viper (Gloydius strauchi) are also reptiles found in Nepal.

Write a short note on birds found in Nepal.

There are approximately 27 Important Bird Areas in the country and over 900 bird species (as of 2012) known to exist in Nepal of which 30 species are globally threatened, 1 species are endemic and 1 species is introduced. The Danphe, the national bird, is a type of pheasant. In addition, there are eight species of stork, five other species of pheasant, six minivets, seventeen different cuckoos, thirty flycatchers, and sixty species of warblers. The spiny babbler is the only species endemic to Nepal.

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