Current status of Nepals Population

Current status of Nepal's Population

Current status of Nepal's Population:

1. Size of the population:
According to the latest population census of 2011 A.D, the population of Nepal is 2,64,94,504. The number of male population is 1,28,49,041, while the number of female population is 1,36,45,463. The proportion of the male and female population is 48.5 percent and 51.5 percent respectively.

2. Composition of the population:
The number of the population according to age, sex, religion and mother tongue is called composition of the population. The composition of the population is described as follows:

a) On the basis of age group:
Of the total population, 57 percent as of 15-59 age group. The second highest percentage, 19.4 is of 5-14 age group. About 14% of the total population comprises of infants (0-4 years) and population above 60 years constitute 8%.

b) On the basis of religion:
The proportion of various religion group in the total population are Hindu 81.3%, Buddhist 9%, Islam 4.4%, and others 4.5%.

c) On the basis of Mother's tongue: 
On the basis of mother tongue, the people speaking Nepali language are the highest with 44.6% followed by Maithili 11. 7%, Bhojpuri 6%, and Newari 3.2%.

d) On the basis of ethnicity/ Caste:
There are 125 ethnic groups in Nepal. Among them, Chhetris constitute the highest percentage of 16.6 followed by Brahmins 12.2%, Magars7.1%, Tharus 6.6%, Tamangs 5.8%, Newars 5% and others 46.8%.

3. The density of population:
The average number of peoples living per square kilometers is called the density of population. It shows the population pressure on land. The density of population is 180 per sq.Km. Kathmandu has the highest density of 4416 persons per sq.km and Manang has the lowest with 3 persons per sq.km.

4. Distribution of population: 
The population residing in different ecological regions, zones, districts, provinces, etc are called distribution of the population. The distribution of the population is as follows:

a) On the basis of ecology: Out of the total population, 6.73% reside in Mountain region, 43% in hilly and 50.27% in Terai region.

b) On the basis of Rural and Urban population:
The rural population in Nepal forms 83 percent and urban population constitutes only 17% out of the total population.

c) On the basis of Provinces:
The population of Nepal on the basis of provinces are as follows:
On the basis of Provinces
Source: Wikipedia 2019

5. Occupational classification:

The proportion of peoples engaged in different occupation is called occupational classification. Out of the total population, 64% of people are engaged in agricultural sectors and 36% in non-agricultural sectors.

6. Growth of population:

The population census in Nepal was initiated in 1968 B.S/ 1911 A.D. Since then, the population has changed significantly. In 1911 A.D, the population was recorded only 56 lakhs which has gone up to 2,64,94,504 according to census 2011 A.D. The growth rate is 1.35% per annum.

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