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EPH Short answer questions III

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EPH Short answer questions
  1. At what altitude does the mountain region start above the sea level?
Answer: The altitude of the mountain region ranges from 4877 meters to 8848 meters.

  1. What is the main occupation of the people living in the mountain region?
Answer: Animal husbandry is the main occupation of the people living in the mountain region.

  1. In which geographical belt of Nepal, coniferous forest is found?
Answer: Coniferous forest is found in the Himalayan region of Nepal.

  1. Write the names of any two reptiles protected in Nepal.
Answer: Bengal monitor and Tibetan pit viper are two reptiles protected in Nepal.

  1. Under which aspect of infrastructure development do electricity and communication come?
Answer: Electricity and communication come under the physical aspect of infrastructure development.

  1. Write any one health service agency which is available in your community.
Answer: Hospital is the health service agency which is available in my community.

  1. In which day population day is celebrated in Nepal?
Answer: 11th July is celebrated as population day in Nepal.

  1. How do you calculate the mid-year population?
Answer: Mid year population = Population at Jan 1 + Population at Dec 31
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  1. Write the names of any two religious sites located in the hilly region.
Answer: Manakamana and Swargadwari are the religious sites located in the hilly region.

  1. In which geographical region are Rajbiraj and Mahendranagar located.
Answer: Rajbiraj and Mahendranagar are located in the Terai region of Nepal.

  1. Write anyone adverse effect on biodiversity due to human activity.
Answer: Extinction of wildlife is an effect on biodiversity due to human activity.

  1. What is the average weight of an Asiatic Rock Python?
Answer: About 90 Kg.

  1. When was Brundtland commission formed?
Answer: Brundtland commission was formed in 1983 A.D.

  1. When was Brundtland report submitted?
Answer: In 1987 A.D

  1. Mention any two conditions of the low quality of life?
Answer: Early marriage and gender discrimination are the conditions of the low quality of life.

  1. Write any one measure to manage the solid waste by you at the local level to protect the ecosystem.
Answer: Public awareness regarding the management of solid waste should be provided at the local level to manage solid waste.

  1. Write the names of two rare plants found in Mountain region.
Answer: Jatamasi and Cordyceps are the rare plants found in Mountain region.

  1. Provide any two examples of In-situ conservation.
Answer: National park and wildlife reserve are examples of In-situ conservation.

  1. How is the infrastructure of development classified?
Answer: The infrastructure of development is classified into Human resource, physical resource, social resource, and economic resource.

  1. Give two names of Airborne disease.
Answer: Pneumonia and Tuberculosis are Airborne diseases.

  1. For which disease the DOTS is implemented?
Answer: DOTS is implemented for tuberculosis.

  1. Which source of population data is a sample survey included in?
Answer: Sample survey is included in the primary source of the population data.

  1. What type of factor is ‘Virility’ called as a factor affecting birth?
Answer: psychological factor.

  1. How many species of fish are found in Nepal?
Answer: 182 species of fishes are found in Nepal.

  1. Write any one importance of sustainable development.
Answer: Proper use of the resource is the importance of sustainable development.

  1. Write the full form of COPD.
Answer: The full form of COPD is Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease.

  1. Write the formula of Crude Death Rate.
Answer: Crude Death Rate = Total No. of deaths in a place in a  year × 1000
Total Mid- Year Population

  1. Write any one fruit, which is found in the mountain region.
Answer: Apple.

  1. Write any one rare plants found in the Hilly region.
Answer: Spikenard is a rare plant found in the Hilly region.

  1. Write any one consequence of unmanaged urbanization.
Answer: Lack of facilities is a consequence of unmanaged urbanization.

  1. Which South Asian country has the lowest infant mortality rate?
Answer: Sri Lanka has the lowest infant mortality rate.

  1. Which is the artificial factor of population change?
Answer: Migration is the artificial factor of population change.

  1. Write any one effort for making the quality of life.
Answer: Limiting the family size is an effort for making the quality of life.

  1. What can be the main cause of non-communicable disease?
Answer: Heredity can be the main cause of non-communicable disease.

  1. Which date is called 7 billion day?
Answer:  October 31, 2011

  1. What is the formula to calculate sex ratio?
Answer: Sex ratio = (Population of male × 100)/Population of female

  1. What is the appropriate age for the first conception of a woman?
Answer: 20 years is the appropriate age for the first conception of a woman.

  1. What is the main cause of less developmental activities in Mountain region?
Answer: Lack of transport facilities is the main cause of less developmental activities in Mountain region.

  1. Write the name of any one animal found in the Hill region.
Answer: Clouded-leopard is the animal found in the Hillyregion.

  1. Write down any two castes of Terai region.
Answer: Tharu and Danuwar.

  1. Write any one utility of Himalayan Yew.
Answer: Himalayan Yew is used to cure cancer.

  1. Name the disease that occurred due to the deficiency of Carbohydrate and protein.
Answer: Marasmus is the disease that occurred due to the deficiency of Carbohydrate and protein.

  1. Write any one reason for not having population increase before 1930 AD.
Answer: Spreading of Epidemic diseases.

  1. In how many levels the human development index is divided in to?
Answer: Human development index is divided into three levels.

  1. 138. Mention any one mitigating measure to conserve the previous herbs of the mountain region.
Answer: Awareness is a mitigating measure to conserve the previous herbs of the mountain region.

  1. What percentage of land area is occupied by Hilly region of Nepal?
Answer: 41.7 %

  1. Write two plants enlisted in rare plant in Nepal.
Answer: Golden michelia and spike nard are the rare plant in Nepal.

  1. Present any one example of the cottage industry.
Answer: Carpet industry is an example of the cottage industry.

  1. Write any one disease having a possibility of dehydradia.
Answer: Kwashiorkor is a disease having a possibility of dehydradia.

  1. In which group children below 15 year of age and the people of 59 years and above are taken as?
Answer: Dependent population.

  1. Which region of Nepal is more affected by modernization?
Answer: Terai region of Nepal is more affected by modernization.

  1. Natural environment of our country is degrading. Write any one major activity for its protection.
Answer: Awareness

  1. In which part of the body Helocobacter pylori bacteria caused cancer?
Answer: Stomach

  1. What sort of departments has been arranging for the services of patient in hospital?
Answer: Indoor and Outdoor

  1. What is the human development index of Bhutan?
Answer: 0.538

  1. What is the percentage of cultivable land in the mountain region?
Answer: 2 %

  1. In comparison to the world, what is the percentage of algae found in Nepal?
Answer: 2.6 %

  1. How many babies (cubs) does a Bangal Tiger gives birth to at a time?
Answer: 2 to 6 cubs

  1. What is meant by balanced development? Write in one sentence.
Answer:  It means utilization of development potential of all areas or regions as per its capacity so that it benefits all the inhabitants of the country.

  1. Write any one name of the disease which is transmitted through syringes.
Answer: HIV/AIDS

  1. Which health indicator has remarkable progress according to the national target of health?
Answer: Maternal Mortality rate

  1. Write any one major activity of environment conservation.
Answer: Land conservation and pollution control

  1. Mention any one major cause of rareness of vegetation and animals.
Answer: Deforestation

  1. Write any one major cause of rareness of Clouded Leopard.
Answer: Destruction of habitat

  1. Write any one importance of development programme for the progress of society and nation.
Answer: Raise the living standard of the people

  1. In the context of Nepal, which disease is mostly found in HIV infected person?
Answer: Tuberculosis

  1. Write any one major health problem of Nepal.
Answer: Malnutrition

  1. What is the physical height of Terai region?
Answer: 60 to 610 meters

  1. What is the main function of Gene?
Answer: Transfer of hereditary character

  1. For the treatment of which disease is serpentine used?
Answer: Blood pressure, reduce pain, diarrhea etc.

  1. How many beds are there in a zonal hospital?
Answer: 50-150

  1. Write any two factors that can affect mortality rate.
Answer: Ageing and heath education

  1. Write the formula to calculate infant mortality rate.
Answer:
IMR = (No. of death under 1 years of age in a year × 1000)/Total no. of live births in that year

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