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Natural resources of Nepal I

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Natural resources of Nepal

Natural resources of Nepal

Nepal may be a little country however it's wealthy in Natural Resources. These natural resources are the gifts of the character. A number of the vital natural resources of Nepal are Forest, Mineral, Water, Soil or Land.

FOREST

Forest is one in all the vital natural resources. Differing types of forests are found in several regions of Nepal. It occupies about thirty-seventh of the whole land of Nepal. Forest is the supply of all wood-based industries. Industries like paper, article of furniture and timber are supported by the forest. Forests are wealthy in herbs. The herbs have medicative values. several medicines are made of these herbs. Timber and herbs are valuable natural resources. The worth of timber and herbs is incredibly high within the world market.

There are several forms of animals within the forests of Nepal. Forests give food and shelter for these animals. Animals and birds boost the natural beauty of the country.

Individuals from several countries return to Nepal to visualize these stunning birds and exotic life. Many varieties of fruit and grasses grow in forests. Individuals depend upon them for his or her living and additionally to rear their eutherian.

Forests support agriculture. It additionally causes rain. It keeps the soil tight. So, forests facilitate the management of wearing away, landslides and floods. Nepal government is making an attempt to preserve forests. It has established several National Parks and Wildlife Reserves.
Green forest is the wealth of Nepal. Forest is the free gift of nature to groups of people. Forest provides wood, fuel, herbs, etc. we have a tendency to get raw materials for fuel, raw materials for an article of furniture, matches, and paper. It influences climates, causes rain, stops the flood, wearing away and landslide. Forest is the environment of untamed animals. Tourists return to visualize wild animals and therefore we will earn foreign currencies. Forest regulates the temperature of the encircling areas. It's pleasant to measure close to the forest. Villagers graze their cows within the forests and they additionally get fodders for his or her livestock. we must always preserve our forest and use it with wisdom.

WATER

Water is the most vital natural resources of Nepal. Nepal is wealthy in water resource. Nature has been terribly kind to Nepal by providing Nepal with an unlimited offer of water. Nepal is the second richest within the water resources within the world after Brazil.

Nepal is an inland country. Therefore Nepal doesn't have access to the oceans. However, there are variant rivers that result in the mountain chain. Once the snow melts within the mountain chain, the ice mass and rivers are shaped. The rivers flow through the mountain regions to the Terai. The most important rivers of Nepal are Mechi, Koshi, Narayani, Gandaki, Karnali, and Mahakali. These rivers have many tributaries. Additionally to those Kankai, Bagmati, Trishuli, Marshyangi, Seti, Rapti, Bheri and additionally vital rivers of Nepal.

Lakes are vital sources of water. There are several lakes in Nepal. Rara lake is the largest. It is placed in Mugu district. The second largest lake is the Phewa. It is in Pokhara, Kaski. Begnas and Rupa lakes are in Pokhara. Lakes square measure sometimes giant areas of water enclosed by land.
Phoksundo is the deepest lake of Nepal. It is placed in Dolpa district. Tilicho is found at the very best altitude. It is in Manang district. Some celebrated lakes are Gosain Kunda (Rasuwa district) and Satyawati (Palpa district). Rivers and lakes along with different streams, ponds, and underground water form water resources.

Water is employed for several functions. It is used for drinking and laundry. It is used for irrigation. Irrigation is the lifeline for agriculture. Hydro-electricity is created from quick flowing rivers. Several hydro-power stations are inbuilt Nepal to faucet rivers for generating electricity.
The major hydro-electricity projects are:

1. Kaligandaki: 144MW
2. Marsyangdi: 75MW
3. Kulekhani I: 60MW
4. Bhote Koshi: 36MW
5. Khimti: 60MW
6. Kulekhani: 32MW

LAND/SOIL

The land is another natural resources of Nepal. In Nepal, the majority depend upon land. They are doing farming and earn their living from the land. Land includes soil and minerals. Regarding thirty-eighth of the land is rocky and coated with snow.

Soil is a crucial issue for agriculture. It is uphill for individuals and animals to survive on the earth without soil. The land in Terai is incredibly fertile. It is smart for agriculture. So, the productivity of Terai is incredibly high. The Terai region is the store of food grains. It is referred to as the green belt of Nepal. There are several hills and mountains in Nepal. The surface is rugged and sloppy within the hills.

A variety of soils are out there in Nepal. Nepal is an agricultural country. There's excellent importance of soil here. Soil is found in abundance, that is incredibly sensible for growing paddy, wheat, jute, oilseed, tobacco, and sugarcane. Sandy and stony soil are found in inner Terai and Chure range. Soil is good for growing groundnut, coconut, palm, oilseeds, maize, potatoes, etc. Cerise gray soil is found within the hills of Mahabharat. This sort of soil is good for potato, fruits, soybeans, tea, and maize. Lacustrine soil is found within the valley.

MINERALS

Minerals like slate, stone, rock, coal, iron, copper, limestone, magnesite, mica and gas are natural resources. The marbles are a product of rocks. Limestones are employed in cement industries. Hetauda and Udaipur cement factories are the samples of such industries.

Nepal is sort of wealthy in natural resources. Mineral deposits like gold, mica, limestone, iron ore, copper are found in several areas of Nepal. Owing to monetary constraint and lack of technical and skilled personnel, progress within the field of mining is negligible. If we have the intension to utilize the natural resources of Nepal properly, we will earn foreign currencies and other people will get job opportunities additionally. The minerals found in Nepal are as follows:
  1. Copper: Buddha Khola (Bandipur), Gyari (Gorkha), Arghauli (Chisapani), Taplejung, Ilam, Baitadi, etc.
  2. Iron: Ramechhap, Labdhi Khola, Pyuthan, Bhainse, Kulekhani, Bhutkhola, Phulchoki, Ghatkhola, etc.
  3. Mica: Bhojpur, Chainpur, Lamjung, Dhankuta, Nuwakot, Sindhuligadhi, etc.
  4. Limestone: Chovar (Kathmandu), Baise (Makawanpur), Udayapur.
  5. Cobalt : Netadarling & Tamghas (Gulmi) and Samarbhamar (Gulmi), Lamadanda (Dhadhing), Nangre (Kavre), Bhorle (Ramechhap) and Bauli Gad (Bajhang)
  6. Gold : Mahakali, Chamliya, Jamari Gad, Seti, Karnali, Bheri, Rapti, Lungri Khola (Fig.3A), Phagum Khola, Kaligandaki (Fig.3B), Myagdi Khola, Modi, Madi, Marshyangdi, Trishuli, Budhigandaki, and Sunkoshi Rivers
  7. Uranium and Thorium: Thumki, Jagat, Panchmane, Gagalphedi and Chunikhel in Shivapuri area in Kathmandu. Few other ores of uranium like uranitite, tyuamunite, carnotite and cofinite are known from Tinbhangale, Chandi Khola and Chiruwa Khola (Makwanpur); Buka Khola (Sindhuli); Mardar Khola and Panpa Khola (Chitwan); Jamari Gad, Bangabagar, Baggoth, Gorang (Baitadi)

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