# Difference between Gross Profit and Net Profit

## Gross Profit Vs Net Profit

The differences between Gross Profit and Net profit are discussed below.

 S. N Basis of Difference Gross Profit Net Profit 1 Definition Gross profit also known as Business Profit is the difference between Total Revenue and explicit Costs. Net Profit also known as Economic Profit or Pure Profit is the difference between Total Revenue and Total Costs (both explicit and implicit costs). 2 Inclusion of Implicit costs It does not include implicit costs. It includes both explicit and implicit costs. 3 Dimension It is a narrow concept as it is a part of Net Profit. It is a broad concept as it includes Gross profit. 4 Constituents Its constituents are rent, wages, interest, depreciation, etc. Its constituents are a reward for bearing risk and uncertainties, ability and innovations, monopoly and windfall gains, etc. 5 Existence under Perfect Competition A portion of gross profit exists under perfect competition. None of the portion of net profit exists under perfect competition. 6 Profit and Loss Estimation Actual loss or profit cannot be estimated under gross profit. Actual profit or loss can be estimated under net profit. 7 Objective The objective of Gross profit is to estimate the profitability of a company. The objective of Net profit is to show the financial performance of a company. 8 Credit balance It shows the credit balance of the Trading account. It shows the credit balance of the profit and loss account. 9 Formula ·        GP = Total Revenue – Cost of Goods Sold   Cost of Goods sold includes: a.      Direct materials, such as raw materials and inventory b.      Direct labor, such as wages for production workers c.      Equipment costs that are used in production d.      Repairing costs of equipment e.      Utilities for production facilities f.       Shipping costs, etc.   ·        GP = Total Revenue – Explicit Costs ·        NP = Total Revenue – Total Costs ·        NP = Total Revenue – (Explicit costs + Implicit costs) ·        NP = GP – Implicit Costs ·        NP = GP — Operating Expenses — Other Business Expenses — Taxes — Interest on Debt + Other Income

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