Career opportunities: NEB Class 12 English Notes


Career Opportunities Exercise: Question Answers and Grammar

Working with words Section

A. Complete the sentences with the correct words from the box below.

a. You must learn about 2000 Kanji to develop competence in the spoken Japanese language.

b. I can type both English and Nepali but not as fast as professional typists.

c. When she was in class eight, she got the opportunity to participate in a national painting competition.

d. The Prime Minister gave a long list of his achievement.

e. He spent many years in jail before reaching the position of a minister.

f. About fifty workers were made redundant because of the financial crisis in the factory.

g. He is affiliated to the World Bank as a senior consultant.

h. They registered my application after making verification of my documents.

i. I requested my teacher to be my referee in my CV.

j. To make our country self-sustained in food production is an imperative need at present.

Also, Browse the following:

B. Define the following employment-related terms and use them in the sentences of your own.

Volunteering: working for an organization without being paid.
I enjoy volunteering at the local animal shelter on weekends.

On-the-job training: a practical approach to acquiring new skills.
Our new employees receive on-the-job training to ensure they are familiar with company policies and procedures.

Career Opportunity: a particular job that may be a stepping stone to loftier ambitions.
This internship provides a great career opportunity for college students interested in the fashion industry.

Skill development: the method of detecting skill gaps and improving these skills.
Our company offers different training programs to help its employees improve their skills.

Apprenticeship: the position of an apprentice.
He decided to pursue an apprenticeship in carpentry after graduating from high school.

Career counseling: a type of support provided by career counselors to their clients.
The university offers career counseling services to help students choose the right path.

Credentials: something that gives a title to credit or confidence
You need to have the appropriate credentials to apply for this job.

Human capital: the economic value of a worker’s experience and skills.
The success of a company is often based on the quality of its human capital.

Internship: a period of work experience offered by an organization for a limited period of time.
She is currently completing an internship at a marketing firm in the city.

Soft skills: character traits skills that characterize a person’s relationships with other people.
Communication, teamwork, and problem-solving are examples of important soft skills.

Minimum wage: the lowest wage per hour that a worker may be paid, as mandated by federal law.
The government recently increased the minimum wage to help support low-income workers.

Recruitment: the action of enlisting new people in the armed forces.
The recruitment process for the new position has been completed, and a candidate has been selected.

Role model: a person looked to by others as an example to be imitated.
My father has always been my role model, and I strive to emulate his work ethic and values.

Aptitude: a natural ability to do something.
His aptitude for music was evident from a young age.

Assessment: the action of making a judgment about someone or something
All employees are required to complete a performance assessment at the end of the year.

C. Based on their pronunciation, divide the following words into two groups so that the vowel sounds rhyme with here and hare.

Here /hɪə/
Fear, beer, ear, leer, cheer, sheer, shear, tear (n.), mere, deer, dear, clear, sneer, gear

Hare /hɛː/
Fare, fair, bear, bare, care, heir, air, share, lair, chair, share, tear (v.), mare, dare, snare

Comprehension Section

Answer the following questions.

a. What does a CV mean and why is it important in one’s career?

Curriculum vitae is a Latin term that literally means 'course of life'. In practice, it is a document that details your personal information, experience, and accomplishments as they relate to your professional life. It is significant because it provides a critical opportunity to reflect on and plan future developments in one's career. It is required when applying for jobs, seeking promotions, and seeking research funding.

b. Does the same CV work for all job opportunities? Why or why not?

Yes, the same CV can be used for all job opportunities. However, it is best to make small changes so that the CV highlights your most relevant skills and qualifications based on the job description and uses the same language as the job listing.

c. What are the different areas where CV can help you?

A good CV is needed when applying for jobs, trying to get a promotion, or trying to get money for research. It's useful if you're asked to be an external examiner for a course or a research thesis; if your faculty or department needs to be validated by an external professional body; or if your faculty or department needs to be validated by an external professional body - in short, any situation in which someone needs to judge your individual professional competence or that of you and your colleagues collectively.

d. What do you mean by ‘staying CV’ and ‘leaving CV’? Which one would you develop for yourself as a freshman?

A 'staying CV' is that of a good university citizen, with lots of committee work and administration, student pastoral care, a heavy teaching load, and a credible research record. A 'leaving CV' is one that reflects the interests of a prospective new employer and will likely highlight research achievements while still demonstrating that you are generally competent and willing across the range of academic duties. I would develop a leaving CV for myself as a freshman.

e. How can you draft a good CV?

A good CV can be written with the assistance of friends, family, mentors, and more experienced colleagues. A basic framework can be used to organize your memories and thoughts. You should show your draft CV to people who know you and/or have experience with academic CVs and solicit feedback. You can create a good CV in this manner.

f. What is the difference between academic CV and non-academic CV?

Academic and non-academic CVs differ significantly in two ways. One difference is that academic CVs are typically much longer than non-academic CVs, and they continue to grow in length as a person's career progresses. A second, and perhaps more fundamental, distinction is that non-academics, particularly those seeking middle management positions, are frequently encouraged to make largely unsubstantiated claims about their qualities and skills rather than list verifiable accomplishments.


Critical thinking Section

a. CV may not represent a person’s skills and abilities accurately because one’s confidence cannot be rendered in a paper. What do you think the employers should do to find the best people for the job?

It is true that a CV might not show all of a person's skills and abilities because it's hard to show confidence on paper. Employers prefer candidates who can effectively communicate. Oral and written communication skills are essential in almost every job. Employers, in my opinion, can divide the selection process into three steps rather than judging a person's ability based on a piece of paper. The first step is to get to know the willing participants. Employers can present their company's terms and conditions to participants, and if they believe they can work under the conditions, they can be invited to the next stage of the process. The next step is to explain the cover letter. Employers should evaluate the person's behaviors, skills, character, and ability to perform well in the company at this stage. Last but not least step is calling the selected candidate to participate intelligently to join colleagues at the weekly Friday lunch where everyone "talked shop". Employees are expected to work in groups. As a result, only one person should decline their interview. Every employee should be given the opportunity to speak with them and determine whether or not they can work with him/her. Instead of focusing solely on CVs, employers should do the following to find the best candidates.

b. If the employers provide job opportunity by assessing one’s CV, how can fresh graduates compete with the experienced competitors?

In today's competitive job market, having a degree and doing good work may not be enough to get you the job you want. To get one step closer to your dream job than other graduates, you must stand out from the crowd and make a good impression on your potential employers.

Some jobs will require you to have a good degree in a specific field, but many employers are looking for more than just a great set of exam results in their prospective employees. They are looking for candidates with personalities and the right mix of soft skills, such as interpersonal and leadership. Many recent graduates have no idea how to write an effective CV. Most people use the same resume template and end up with CVs that look the same. Break the mold and be creative to make yours stand out. If you're applying to a creative industry, you might want to go for something out of the ordinary or visually impressive that will set you apart from the crowd. This allows a recent graduate to compete with more experienced competitors.


Writing Section

A. Study the following advertisement. Write an application for one of the positions. Prepare a CV that is appropriate for the job.

Bharatpur-7, Chitwan.
23rd March 2023

The Assistant Director,
MM Construction Pvt. Ltd.,
Satdobato Marg,

Subject: Application for The Post of Civil Engineer

Dear Sir,
With reference to your advertisement in THE PIONEER on July 2nd inviting applications for the position of civil engineer under your authority, I respectfully submit my application. My credentials and experience are listed below.

I received a first-class diploma in civil engineering from the IOE, Pulchowk Campus, as well as a bachelor's degree in physics (Hons.) I have an excellent academic record and have received numerous scholarships and awards throughout my school and college career.

I worked for Delta Engineers Pvt. Ltd. - Lalitpur for five years and tried advanced techniques that proved to be extremely beneficial to the company. For the past four years, I have been employed by Global Impex International Pvt. Ltd. Administrative and supervisory responsibilities are part of the job. In appreciation for my services, the company has provided me with additional incentives in the form of a special bonus. However, this job has a bleak future. So I'm looking for a job under you that will allow me to advance my career. I am willing to work in any of the branches.

I have attached my CV to this email for your reference. Please have a look at it.

I hope to meet you and discuss this opportunity further. Thank you for considering my application for the role.

I can assure you that if I am given the job, I will work hard.

Yours Faithfully,
GP Sharma

GP Sharma
Royal Vision Complex, Ring Road, Kathmandu 44600
Tel: 01-12345678
Mob: 981-234-5678
Email: gpsharma@gmail,com

An aspirant and dedicated civil engineer with strong practical and technical skills as well as a diverse range of experience in construction engineering and project management. Knowing how to design, test, and evaluate a design's overall effectiveness, cost, reliability, and safety. I am currently looking for a challenging professional civil or structural engineering position in the UK or abroad, and I am open to both permanent and short-term contracts.


SENIOR CIVIL ENGINEER – Imperial International Pvt. Ltd.
January 2018 – present
• Directing tasks to a multi-disciplined team of staff.
• Arranging the planning and scheduling of work.
• Creating Monthly Quality Audits.
• Carrying out spot inspections on welding, pipe cleanliness, compression fitting installation etc.
• Liaison with engineers, designers, local authorities, contractors and suppliers.

CIVIL ENGINEER – Delta Engineers Pvt. Ltd.
April 2013 – January 2018
• Involved in a project that included the construction, maintenance and repair work on motorways.
• Designing and supervising of motorway maintenance works.
• Responsible for the design and development of bridge maintenance schemes.
• Maintaining non-conformance / non-compliance records and logs.
• Responsible for quality control of engineering and construction documents.


Civil Engineering
• Able to understand a client’s quality compliance requirements and then make sure they are met.
• Have worked for both public and private sector clients.
• Excellent communication skills and able to work closely with both clients and other specialists such as architects and building contractors
• Ability to carry our detailed feasibility studies for projects to ensure the most effective and efficient utilization of materials, equipment and labour.
• Experience of using the latest computer software for modeling and design purposes.

Project Management
• Arranging and chairing meetings with clients.
• Ability to liaise with key project stake holders like the clients, water companies, the Environment Agency, local authorities and also utility companies.
• Experience of designing, project managing & liaising with clients.
• Directing outside consultants in construction activities.
• Assisting in the pricing of tender enquiries and valuations.

Structural Design
Quality assurance
Project management
Strategic planning
Feasibility studies
Highway design
Producing ACAD plans
Site supervision

Microstation 2D & 3D

BSC Civil Engineering 2009
B.Sc. Physics (Hons.), 2011
Jan 2012 Introduction to AutoCad 2012
Sept 2012 CIWEM Sewerage and Waste Water Treatment Seminar
Sept 2012 CDM Regulations 2007 and compliance

REFERENCES – available on request.

Driving license: Yes

DOB: 1993

Languages: English, Nepali, Hindi


Grammar Section

B. Rewrite the following sentences using the correct form of the verbs.

a. If you sell your stocks now, you won’t get much money for them. (not/get)

b. A lot of people would lose job if the factory closed down.(close down)

c. Our country won’t have to export wheat if it rains in November and February. (rain)

d. If we had found him earlier, we could have saved his life. (find)

e. If he had not been wearing helmet, he would have been seriously injured. (be)

f. Unless you follow the instructions, you won’t pass the exams. (not/ pass)

g. I don’t mind walking home as long as the weather is fine. (be)

h. The bank will sanction you the loan provided you deposit a collateral. (deposit)

i. What would you have done if you had not got this job? (you/do)

j. If you had the choice, where would you have lived? (you/live)

C. Change the following sentences into ‘if sentences’ as in the example.

a. The driver was talking on the phone so the accident happened.

If the driver wasn’t talking on the phone, the accident wouldn’t have happened.

b. There is no anyone at home because all the lights are off.

If there was someone at home, all the lights wouldn’t be off.

c. He must be an educated person because he has subscribed ‘The Kathmandu Post’

If he wasn’t an educated person, he wouldn’t subscribe to ‘The Kathmandu Post’.

d. His head was not injured in the accident because he had put the helmet on.

His head would have been injured in the accident if he hadn’t put the helmet on.

e. I am sure he passed the exam because he gave a heavy treat to his friends.

If he hadn’t passed the exam he wouldn’t have given a heavy treat to his friends.

f. You didn’t take any breakfast so you are hungry now.

If you had taken some breakfast, you wouldn’t have got hungry now.

g. I am sure he is a doctor because he is wearing the white gown.

If he wasn’t a doctor, he wouldn’t be wearing the white gown.

h. She is very rich so she drives a Mercedes.

If she wasn’t very rich, she wouldn’t drive a Mercedes.

i. I didn’t know it was only half a kilometer from my house, so I booked a ride.

If I had known it was only half a kilometer from my house, I wouldn’t have booked a ride.

j. He has hidden something in his mind, so he does not look fresh.

If he hadn’t hidden anything in his mind, he would have looked fresh.


Post a Comment

* Please Don't Spam Here. All the Comments are Reviewed by Admin.