History: NEB Class 12 English Notes History: NEB Class 12 English Notes
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History: NEB Class 12 English Notes

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History Exercise: Question Answers and Grammar

Working with words Section

A. Match the words with their definitions/meanings.

a. passion

any powerful or compelling emotion or feeling, as love or hate

b. surveillance

continuous observation of a place, person, group, or ongoing activity in order to gather information

c. integrity

the state of being whole, entire, or undiminished

d. avuncular

like an uncle

e. livelihood

a means of supporting one’s existence

f. fascination

powerful attraction

g. innovation

an idea, practice, or object that is perceived as new

h. panorama

an unobstructed and wide view of an extensive area in all directions

i. resilience

the power or ability of a material to return to its original form, position, etc., after being bent, compressed, or stretched

j. evacuation

the removal of people or things from an endangered area

Also, Browse the following:


B. Define the following professionals. One has been done for you.

architect

An architect is an engineer who designs buildings and advises in their construction.

civil engineer

A civil engineer is an engineer who designs and oversees the construction of public works.

mechanical engineer

A mechanical engineer is an engineer who designs, produces, and operates machines.

aerospace engineer

An aerospace engineer is an engineer who designs, tests and manages the manufacturing of aircraft.

automobile engineer

An automobile engineer is an engineer who designs, manufactures and repairs vehicles.

electronic engineer

An electronic engineer is an engineer who designs, develops and manufactures electrical equipment.

electrical engineer

An electrical engineer is an engineer who creates, designs and manages electrical equipment.

computer engineer

A computer engineer is an engineer who evaluates, designs and maintains computer hardware and software systems.

food engineer

A food engineer is an engineer who ensures the safety and efficiency of processing, packaging and delivering of food items.

chemical engineer

A chemical engineer is an engineer who develops and designs chemical manufacturing processes.

biomedical engineer

A biomedical engineer is an engineer who develops new equipment for improving human health.

 

Comprehension Section

Answer the following questions.

a. Where were Frank and Nicole employed?

Frank and Nicole worked as architects on the twin towers of the World Trade Center in the United States.

b. How does the author describe Frank’s attachment to the twin towers?

The author says that Frank's love for the twin towers is his source of income and his passion.

c. How did the two families become intimate with each other?

Due to their shared children, the two families developed close ties.

d. What, according to Nicole, did Frank think of the towers?

Nicole claims that Frank viewed the towers as an amazing human festival. The towers' size, scope, innovative design, and resourceful material usage were astounding to Frank. He once claimed that they were made to withstand the impact of a small airplane.

e. Why did Frank want to help the people in the tower after the attack?

Because so few people were aware of the tower's strength prior to the attack, Frank wanted to assist those inside.

f. Why did Frank not follow Nicole’s request even after knowing that the building was on fire?

Even though he was aware that the building was on fire, Frank ignored Nicole's request because he was confident he could assist the injured people in getting to a safe location without endangering himself.

g. Who did Frank call from the building after the attack?

After the assault, Frank made a call from the building to his sister Nina, who lived on West 93rd Street in Mahattan.

h. How did Nicole feel after the collapse of the first tower?

Nicole thought the first tower's collapse signaled the start of a nuclear conflict. All noise suddenly stopped, and she found herself in the middle of a fog that was as bright as a snowstorm on a sunny day.

i. Were Frank’s children serious as soon as they heard the news of their missing father? Why?

When Frank's children learned of their father's disappearance, they were preoccupied with video games and did not take it seriously.

 

Critical Thinking Section

a. Many innocent people lose their lives in ruthless attacks every year. What do you think the governments should do to protect their people from such attacks and make the world a safer place to live? Discuss with your friends.

It is true that each year, numerous innocent victims of heinous crimes perish. Such situations must be handled and under control by the government. It needs to give serious consideration to how to protect its people from such ruthless assaults. The following are actions that the government should take to defend its citizens from such attacks and make the world a safer place to live:

 

Governments should focus on improving intelligence gathering and sharing between different agencies and countries. This will help them to identify potential threats before they materialize and take preventive measures to neutralize them.

 

Governments should spend money on new technology and tools that can help them find terrorist activities and stop them. For example, airports, train stations, and other public places can help stop terrorist attacks by installing advanced security systems and scanners.

 

Governments should work with other countries and international groups to address the causes of terrorism, such as poverty, political instability, and social inequality. This will help to reduce the number of people who are vulnerable to extremist ideologies.

 

Governments should improve the response capacity of their law enforcement agencies. This includes providing them with the necessary training, resources, and equipment to respond effectively to terrorist attacks.

 

Governments should work with their citizens and communities to create a culture of peace, tolerance, and understanding. This can be achieved through education, social programs, and public awareness campaigns.

 

In the end, protecting people from ruthless attacks requires a multifaceted approach that involves cooperation between governments, law enforcement agencies, international organizations, and communities. By working together, we can create a safer world for everyone.

b. Revenge and violence are the integral parts of the history and civilization. They can’t be ignored, only managed. Do you agree or not with this statement? Present your logic.

Yes, I agree that vengeance and violence are essential components of history and civilization. Violence, on the other hand, is the use of physical force in order to cause harm, abuse, damage, or destruction. Revenge is associated with harm and destruction. World War II was sparked by the Germans' retaliation on June 28, 1919. The Treaty of Versailles humiliated and blamed Germany for World War I and imposed significant debt payments on Germany when it was signed and the war between German and Allied Power was over. In 1939, Germany exacted revenge, and the start of World War II followed. We have learned from our past that retaliation and violence only make things worse. As a result, it can only be managed and not ignored.

 

Writing Section

A. Write a description of an event that you have recently witnessed.

Recently, I witnessed a concert by a popular Nepali band. The event was held at an open-air stadium and attracted a huge crowd. The stage was set up with a large screen, colourful lights, and a high-quality sound system. The band members appeared on stage to thunderous applause and began playing their hit songs. The audience sang along and danced to the music, creating a festive atmosphere. The band played for several hours, taking breaks in between to interact with the audience and share their experiences.

The event was well-organized, with ample security personnel and facilities such as food and water stalls. Overall, it was an enjoyable experience that showcased the talent of the Nepali music industry and brought people together in a fun and memorable way.

B. Human life does not pass as one expects. You might have also gone through different but memorable incidents. Write an essay on "An Unforgettable Event in my Life’ in about 500 words.

An Unforgettable Event in my Life

Life is an unpredictable journey that is full of surprises, some of which we might not be prepared for. Throughout our lives, we encounter a plethora of events that leave a lasting impact on us. While some of these events might be pleasant, others might be unforgettable for all the wrong reasons. In my case, one such unforgettable event occurred a few years ago that continues to haunt me to this day.

It was a beautiful summer day, and I was excited to attend a friend's wedding. I had been looking forward to this day for months, and I had made sure to prepare for it meticulously. I woke up early in the morning, spent a few hours getting ready, and finally set off to the venue. As I made my way to the wedding hall, I couldn't help but feel a sense of anticipation and excitement.

Everything seemed to be going well until I reached the venue. As soon as I entered the hall, I was greeted by an eerie silence. The once lively and bustling hall was now filled with an air of sorrow and despair. I was taken aback by the sudden change in atmosphere, and I immediately knew that something was wrong. As I made my way to the bride's family, I noticed that everyone had tears in their eyes, and they all seemed to be mourning.

It was then that I found out that the groom had passed away the night before due to a sudden heart attack. I was devastated upon hearing this news, and my heart sank. The thought of my friend's happiness being snatched away in such a cruel manner was too much to bear. I couldn't believe what I was hearing, and I was at a loss for words.

The rest of the day was a blur, and I don't remember much of it. I remember seeing my friend in her wedding dress, tears streaming down her face, as she sat next to the groom's body. I remember the sight of their families, who were trying their best to console each other. And I remember feeling helpless, wishing there was something I could do to ease their pain.

In the days that followed, I couldn't shake off the feeling of sadness and grief. It was as if a dark cloud had descended upon me, and I couldn't see a way out. I kept replaying the events of that day in my mind, wondering if there was anything I could have done differently. I couldn't help but think of all the dreams and aspirations that the groom had, and how they had been cut short in the prime of his life.

The event left a lasting impact on me, and it taught me a valuable lesson about the unpredictability of life. It made me realize that life is too short and too precious to be taken for granted. It made me appreciate the people in my life and cherish every moment spent with them. It also made me more empathetic and understanding towards those who are going through a difficult time.

In conclusion, the event that I experienced was an unforgettable one that left a deep impression on me. It was a stark reminder of the fragile nature of life and the importance of cherishing every moment. Although it was a painful experience, it also taught me valuable lessons that I will carry with me for the rest of my life.

Grammar Section

Prepositions

B. Complete these sentences with the correct prepositions.

a. The relationship between the two boys has changed significantly over the past few years.
b. In Nepal, many girls get married at an early age.
c. I’m not in the mood for such silly games.
d. There were no security personnel on duty at that time.
e. The new smartphone is similar to the one I bought a few years ago.
f. My dad insisted on taking the later train.
g. People with ambition always try to achieve their goals, no matter what happens.
h. Mr. Jenkins has been disabled all his life as a result of a childhood illness.
i. We bought the TV because it was on sale.
j. She has no understanding of how computers really work.
k. I gave him my new T-shirt in exchange for a few cigarettes.
l. The company is run by two people who hardly ever meet.
m. All the celebrations and parties were called off because of the tragic accident.
n. There was a great need of volunteers at the site of the crash.

C. Complete the following text with correct prepositions.

What are we seeing here? One very real possibility is that these are the educational consequences of the differences in parenting styles that we talked about in the Chris Langan chapter. Think back to Alex Williams, the nine-year-old whom Annette Lareau studied. His parents believe in connected cultivation. He gets taken to museums and gets enrolled in special programs and goes to summer camp, where he takes classes. When he’s bored at home, there are plenty of books to read, and his parents see it as their responsibility to keep him actively engaged in the world for him. It’s hard to see how Alex would get better at reading and math in the summer.

Simple future, future continuous, future perfect and future perfect continuous

B. make sentences from the given clues as stated in brackets.

a. Who/pass the exam? (future simple)

Who will pass the exam?

b. How/you/get home? (future continuous)

How will you be getting home?

c. I/come later. (future simple)

I’ll come later.

d. She/catch the train by 3 pm. (future perfect)

She will have caught the train by 3 PM.

e. It/rain tomorrow. (future simple)

It will rain tomorrow.

f. John/sleep at 4 am. (future continuous)

John will be sleeping at 4 am.

g. How long/you/see your boyfriend when you get married? (future perfect continuous)

How long will you have been seeing your boyfriend when you get married?

h. It/rain in Kathmandu next week. (future continuous)

It will be raining in Kathmandu next week.

i. How long/you/work here when you retire? (future perfect continuous)

How long have you been working here when you retire?

j. He/not/finish the cleaning by the time she gets home. (future perfect)

He won’t have finished the cleaning by the time she gets home.

C. Complete the following sentences with the correct future tense form of the verbs in the brackets.


a. It will snow (snow) in Brighton tomorrow evening.

b. On Friday at 8 o’clock, I’m going to meet (to meet) my friend.

c. Wait! I will drive (to drive) you to the station.

d. When they get married in March, they will have been (to be) together for six years.

e. You’re carrying too much. I will open (to open) the door for you.

f. Do you think the teacher will have marked (to mark) our homework by Monday morning?

g. When I see you tomorrow, I will show (show) you my new book.

h. After you take a nap, you will feel (to feel) a lot better.

i. I will let (to let) you know the second the builders finish decorating.

j. We will wait (to wait) in the shelter until the bus comes.

k. I’m very sorry, Dr. Jones won’t be (not be) back in the clinic unit 2 pm.

l. This summer, I will have been living (to live) in Birgunj for four years.

m. I don’t think you will have (to have) any problems when you land in Pokhara.

n. The baby should be due soon, next week she will have been (to be) pregnant for nine months.

o. By the time we get home, they will have been playing (to play) football for 30 minutes.

p. When you get off the train, I will be waiting (to wait) for you by the ticket machine.

q. This time next week, I will be skiing (ski) in Switzerland!

r. Now, I am going to check (to check) my answers.

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